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AKGUN, F., M. S. KAYSERI and M. S. AKKIRAZ (2007). "Palaeoclimatic evolution and vegetational changes during the late Oligocene-Miocene period in Western and Central Anatolia (Turkey)." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 253 (1-2): 56-90

AKKEMIK, U., N. TURKOGLU, I. POOLE, I. CICEK, N. KOSE and G. GURGEN (2009). "Woods of a Miocene Petrified Forest near Ankara, Turkey." Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 33 (1): 89-97

AMBROSE, S. H., C. J. BELL, R. L. BERNOR, J.-R. BOISSERIE, C. M. DARWENT, D. DEGUSTA, A. DEINO, N. GARCIA, Y. HAILE-SELASSIE, J. J. HEAD, F. C. HOWELL, M. D. KYULE, F. K. MANTHI, E. M. MATHU, C. M. NYAMAI, H. SAEGUSA, T. A. STIDHAM, M. A. J. WILLIAMS and L. J. HLUSKO (2007). "The paleoecology and paleogeographic context of Lemudong'o locality 1, a late Miocene terrestrial fossil site in southern Kenya." Kirtlandia 56: 38-52

BARBONI, D., L. BREMOND and R. BONNEFILLE (2007). "Comparative study of modern phytolith assemblages from inter-tropical Africa." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 246 (2-4): 454-470

BARREDA, V., L. PALAZZESI, M. C. TELLERIA, L. KATINAS and J. V. CRISCI (2010). "Fossil pollen indicates an explosive radiation of basal Asteracean lineages and allied families during Oligocene and Miocene times in the Southern Hemisphere." Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 160 (3-4): 102-110

BARRON, E. and M. J. COMAS-RENGIFO (2007). "Differential accumulation of miospores in upper Miocene sediments of the La Cerdana basin (eastern Pyrenees, Spain)." Comptes Rendus Palevol 6 (1-2): 157-168

BECHTEL, A., R. GRATZER, R. F. SACHSENHOFER, J. GUSTERHUBER, A. LUCKE and W. PUTTMANN (2008). "Biomarker and carbon isotope variation in coal and fossil wood of Central Europe through the Cenozoic." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 262 (3-4): 166-175

BEERLING, D. J., A. FOX and C. W. ANDERSON (2009). "Quantitative uncertainty analyses of ancient atmospheric CO2 estimates from fossil leaves." American Journal of Science 309 (9): 775-787

BEHRENSMEYER, A. K., J. QUADE, T. E. CERLING, J. KAPPELMAN, I. A. KHAN, P. COPELAND, L. ROE, J. HICKS, P. STUBBLEFIELD, B. J. WILLIS and C. LATORRE (2007). "The structure and rate of late Miocene expansion of C4 plants: Evidence from lateral variation in stable isotopes in paleosols of the Siwalik Group, northern Pakistan " GSA Bulletin 119 (11/12): 1486-1505

BERGH, N. G. and H. P. LINDER (2009). "Cape diversification and repeated out-of-southern-Africa dispersal in paper daisies (Asteraceae-Gnaphalieae)." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (1): 5-18

BERNOR, R., J. EDER, A. KAUFMAN, H. W. MITTMANN and D. WOLF (2008). "Multidisciplinary paleobiological research at the late Miocene (MN9) locality of Hoewenegg, Germany." Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 28: 52A-52A

BERTINI, A. and E. MARTINETTO (2008). "Messinian to Zanclean vegetation and climate of Northern and Central Italy." Bollettino Della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 47 (2): 105-121

BLOKHINA, N. I. and O. V. BONDARENKO (2005). "Fossil wood of Keteleeria (Pinacae) from the Pliocene of Southern Primory'e (Far East Russia)." Botanicheskii Zhuranl (St. Petersburg) 90 (6): 936-945

BOND, W. J., J. A. SILANDER, JR., J. RANAIVONASY and J. RATSIRARSON (2008). "The antiquity of Madagascar's grasslands and the rise of C-4 grassy biomes." Journal of Biogeography 35 (10): 1743-1758

BOUCHENAK-KHELLADI, Y., G. A. VERBOOM, T. R. HODKINSON, N. SALAMIN, O. FRANCOIS, G. NI CHONGHAILE and V. SAVOLAINEN (2009). "The origins and diversification of C-4 grasses and savanna-adapted ungulates." Global Change Biology 15 (10): 2397-2417

BRAGA, J. C. and D. BASSI (2007). "Neogene history of Sporolithon Heydrich (Corallinales, rhodophyta) in the Mediterranean region." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 243 (1-2): 189-203

BRUCH, A. A., T. UTESCHER, V. MOSBRUGGER, I. GABRIELYAN and D. A. IVANOV (2006). "Late Miocene climate in the circum-Alpine realm—a quantitative analysis of terrestrial palaeofloras." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 238 (1-4): 270-280

CANO-MAQUEDA, J., S. TALAVERA, M. ARISTA and P. CATALAN (2008). "Speciation and biogeographical history of the Campanula lusitanica complex (Campanulaceae) in the Western Mediterranean region." Taxon 57 (4): 1252-1266

CARRION, J. S., S. FERNANDEZ, G. JIMENEZ-MORENO, S. FAUQUETTE, G. GIL-ROMERA, P. GONZALEZ-SAMPERIZ and C. FINLAYSON (2010). "The historical origins of aridity and vegetation degradation in southeastern Spain." Journal of Arid Environments 74 (7): 731-736

COUVREUR, T. L. P., L. W. CHATROU, M. S. M. SOSEF and J. E. RICHARDSON (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics reveal multiple tertiary vicariance origins of the African rain forest trees." Bmc Biology 6:

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DE SCHEPPER, S., M. J. HEAD and S. LOUWYE (2009). "Pliocene dinoflagellate cyst stratigraphy, palaeoecology and sequence stratigraphy of the Tunnel-Canal Dock, Belgium." Geological Magazine 146 (1): 92-112

DEL HOYO, A., J. L. GARCIA-MARIN and J. PEDROLA-MONFORT (2009). "Temporal and spatial diversification of the African disjunct genus Androcymbium (Colchicaceae)." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (3): 848-861

DENK, T. and G. W. GRIMM (2009). "The biogeographic history of beech trees." Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 158 (1-2): 83-100

DENK, T., F. GRIMSSON and Z. KVACEK (2005). "The Miocene floras of Iceland and their significance for lat Cainozoic North Atlantic biogeography." Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 149 (4): 369-417

DIMICHELE, W. A. and R. A. GASTALDO (2008). "Plant paleoecology in deep time." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 95 (1): 144-198

DONDERS, T. H., J. W. H. WEIJERS, D. K. MUNSTERMAN, M. HOEVE, L. K. BUCKLES, R. D. PANCOST, S. SCHOUTEN, J. S. S. DAMSTE and H. BRINKHUIS (2009). "Strong climate coupling of terrestrial and marine environments in the Miocene of northwest Europe." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 281 (3-4): 215-225

DURSKA, E. (2008). "A 90 m-thick coal seam in the Lubstow lignite deposit (Central Poland): palynological analysis and sedimentary environment." Geological Quarterly 52 (3): 281-289

EDWARDS, E. J., C. P. OSBORNE, C. A. E. STROMBERG, S. A. SMITH and C. G. CONSORTIUM (2010). "The Origins of C-4 Grasslands: Integrating Evolutionary and Ecosystem Science." Science 328 (5978): 587-591

EISAWI, A. and E. SCHRANK (2008). "Upper Cretaceous to Neogene palynology of the Melut Basin, Southeast Sudan." Palynology 32: 101-129

ERDEI, B., F. AKGUN and M. R. B. LUMAGA (2010). "Pseudodioon akyoli gen. et sp nov., an extinct member of Cycadales from the Turkish Miocene." Plant Systematics and Evolution 285 (1-2): 33-49

ERDEI, B., M. DOLEZYCH and L. HABLY (2009). "The buried Miocene forest at Bukkabrany, Hungary." Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 155 (1-2): 69-79

ERDEI, B., L. HABLY, M. KAZMER, T. UTESCHER and A. A. BRUCH (2007). "Neogene flora and vegetation development of the Pannonian domain in relation to palaeoclimate and palaeogeography." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 253 (1-2): 115-140

FARA, E., A. LIKIUS, H. T. MACKAYE, P. VIGNAUD and M. BRUNET (2005). "Pliocene large-mammal assemblages from northern Chad: sampling and ecological structure." Naturwissenschaften 92 (11): 537-541

FAUQUETTE, S., J.-P. SUC, A. BERTINI, S.-M. POPESCU, S. WARNY, N. B. TAOUFIQ, M.-J. P. VILLA, H. CHIKHI, D. SUBALLY, G. CLAUZON and J. FERRIER (2006). "How much did climate force the Messinian salinity crisis? Quantified climatic conditions from pollen records in the Mediterranean region." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 238 (1-4): 281-301

FAVRE, E., L. FRANCOIS, F. FLUTEAU, R. CHEDDADI, L. THEVENOD and J.-P. SUC (2007). "Messinian vegetation maps of the Mediterranean region using models and interpolated pollen data." Geobios 40 (3): 433-443

FEAKINS, S. J., P. B. DEMENOCAL and T. I. EGLINTON (2005). "Biomarker records of late Neogene changes in northeast African vegetation." Geology 33 (12): 977-980

FLORES, J. A., F. J. SIERRO, G. M. FILIPPELLI, M. A. BARCENA, M. PEREZ-FOLGADO, A. VAZQUEZ and R. UTRILLA (2005). "Surface water dynamics and phytoplankton communities during deposition of cyclic late Messinian sapropel sequences in the western Mediterranean." Marine Micropaleontology 56 (1-2): 50-79

FRAHM, J.-P., M. PREUSSING and H. JECHOREK (2007). "Mosses (Bryophyta, Bryopsida) from the Miocene of the Upper Lusatia (Saxony, Germany)." Stuttgarter Beitraege zur Naturkunde Serie B (Geologie und Palaeontologie) (367): 1-23

GAUTHIER, A. and A. MUNOZ (2009). "Seasonal sedimentation in the Pliocene Villarroya Lake (N Spain) inferred from pollen analysis." Sedimentary Geology 222 (1-2): 111-123

GEE, C. T. (2005). "The genesis of mass carpological deposits (bedload carpodeposits) in the tertiary of the lower Rhine basin, Germany." Palaios 20 (5): 463-478

GUIDO, A., J. JACOB, P. GAUTRET, F. LAGGOUN-DEFARGE, A. MASTANDREA and F. RUSSO (2007). "Molecular fossils and other organic markers as palaeoenvironmental indicators of the Messinian Calcare di Base Formation: normal versus stressed marine deposition (Rossano Basin, northern Calabria, Italy)." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 255 (3-3): 265-283

GUSSAROVA, G., M. POPP, E. VITEK and C. BROCHMANN (2008). "Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the bipolar Euphrasia (Orobanchaceae): Recent radiations in an old genus." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48 (2): 444-460

HABLY, L. and M. T. F. MARRON (2007). "The first macrofossil record of Ginkgo from the Iberian Peninsula." Neues Jahrbuch fuer Geologie und Palaeontologie-Abhandlungen 244 (1): 65-70

HOFMANN, C.-C. and R. ZETTER (2005). "Reconstruction of different wetland plant habitats of the Pannonian basin system (Neogene, Eastern Austria)." Palaios 20 (3): 266-279

HRISTOVA, V. and D. IVANOV (2009). "Palynological data of the fossil flora from Sofia Neogene basin (South-West Bulgaria), preliminary results." Comptes Rendus De L'Academie Bulgare Des Sciences 62 (3): 379-384

IOKIM, C. and G. D. KOUFOS (2009). "The Late Miocene Mammal Faunas of the Mytilinii Basin, Samos Island, Greece: New Collection. 3. Palynology." Beiträge zur Paläontologie 31: 27-35

IVANOV, D., A. R. ASHRAP, T. UTESCHER, V. MOSBRUGGER and E. SLAVOMIROVA (2007). "Late miocene vegetation and climate of the Balkan region: palynology of the Beli Breg coal basin sediments." Geologica Carpathica 58 (4): 367-381

IVANOV, D. and E. SLAVOMIROVA (2004). "Palynological data on Late Neogene vegetation from Karlovo basin (Bulgaria). First results." Dokladi na Bolgarskata Akademiya na Naukite 57 (11): 65-70

JANSSEN, T., N. BYSTRIAKOVA, F. RAKOTONDRAINIBE, D. COOMES, J. N. LABAT and H. SCHNEIDER (2008). "Neoendemism in Madagascan scaly tree ferns results from recent, coincident diversification bursts." Evolution 62 (8): 1876-1889

JIANG, H. C. and Z. L. DING (2008). "A 20 Ma pollen record of East-Asian summer monsoon evolution from Guyuan, Ningxia, China." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 265 (1-2): 30-38

JIMENEZ-MORENO, G., S. FAUQUETTE and J. P. SUC (2008). "Vegetation, climate and palaeoaltitude reconstructions of the Eastern Alps during the Miocene based on pollen records from Austria, Central Europe." Journal of Biogeography 35 (9): 1638-1649

JOLLY-SAAD, M.-C., M. DUPÉRON-LAUDOUENEIX, J. DUPÉRON and R. BONNEFILLE (2010). "Ficoxylon sp., a fossil wood of 4.4 Ma (Middle Awash, Ethiopia)." Comptes Rendus Palevol 9 (1-2): 1-4

KAR, R., B. D. MANDAOKAR and R. K. KAR (2010). "Fungal taxa from the Miocene sediments of Mizoram, northeast India." Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 158 (3-4): 240-249

KAYSERI, M. S. and F. AKGÜN (2008). "Palynostratigraphic, paleovegetational and paleoclimatic investigations on the Miocene deposits in Central Anatolia (Çorum Region and Sivas Basin)." Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 17: 361-403

KEIZER, P.-J. (2004). "Fossile bracket fungi, continuation." Coolia 47 (3): 175-177

KEIZER, P.-J. (2004). "A fossile bracket fungus." Coolia 47 (1): 17-19

KEMNA, H. A. and W. E. WESTERHOFF (2007). "Remarks on the palynology-based chronostratigraphical subdivision of Pliocene terrestrial deposits in NW-Europe." Quaternary International 164-65: 184-196

KIM, J. H. (2008). "A new species of Acer samaras from the Miocene Yeonil Group in the Pohang Basin, Korea." Geosciences Journal 12 (4): 331-336

KLOOSTERBOER-VAN HOEVE, M. L., J. STEENBRINK, H. VISSCHER and H. BRINKHUIS (2006). "Millennial-scale climatic cycles in the Early Pliocene pollen record of Ptolemais, northern Greece." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 229 (4): 321-334

KOHLMAN-ADAMSKAA, A., M. ZIEMBINSKA-TWORZYDLO and E. ZASTAWNIAK (2004). "In situ pollen in some flowers and inflorescences in the Late Miocene flora of Sosnica (SW Poland)." Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 132 (3-4): 261-280

KOVAR-EDER, J., H. JECHOREK, Z. KVACEK and V. PARASHIV (2008). "The integrated plant record: An essential tool for reconstructing neogene zonal vegetation in Europe." Palaios 23 (1-2): 97-111

KOVAR-EDER, J., Z. KVACEK, E. MARTINETTO and P. ROIRON (2006). "Late Miocene to early Pliocene vegetation of southern Europe (7-4 Ma) as reflected in the megafossil plant record." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 238 (1-4): 321-339

KUNZMANN, L., Z. KVACEK, D. H. MAI and H. WALTHER (2009). "The genus Taxodium (Cupressaceae) in the Palaeogene and Neogene of Central Europe." Review of Palaeobotany & Palynology 153 (1-2): 153-183

KÜRSCHNER, W. A., Z. KVAČEK and D. L. DILCHER (2008). "The impact of Miocene atmospheric carbon dioxide fluctuations on climate and the evolution of terrestrial ecosystems." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105 (2): 449-453

KVACEK, Z. and V. TEODORIDIS (2008). "Tertiary macrofloras of the Bohemian Massif: a review with correlations within Boreal and Central Europe." Bulletin of Geosciences 82 (4): 383-407

KVACEK, Z., V. TEODORIDIS and Q. WANG (2009). "Ilex geissertii sp n. (Aquifoliaceae), a fossil ancestor of Ilex sect. Ilex in the upper Miocene and Pliocene of Europe." Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 157 (3-4): 192-210

LI, J. F., Y. Q. HU, D. K. FERGUSON, Y. F. WANG and C. S. LI (2010). "An Early Pliocene lake and its surrounding vegetation in Zhejiang, East China." Journal of Paleolimnology 43 (4): 751-769

LIM, J. D., E. K. JEONG, K. KIM, M. SUZUKI, I. S. PAIK and H. M. KIM (2010). "Miocene woods of the Janggi Basin in Korea: Implications for paleofloral changes." Geosciences Journal 14 (1): 11-22

LINDER, H. P. (2008). "Plant species radiations: where, when, why?" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 363 (1506): 3097-3105

LIU, Y.-S., B. A. R. MOHR and J. F. BASINGER (2009). "Historical biogeography of the genus Chamaecyparis (Cupressaceae, Coniferales) based on its fossil record." Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 89 (3-4): 203-209

LIU, Y. S., R. ZETTER, D. K. FERGUSON and C. ZOU (2008). "Lagerstroemia (Lythraceae) pollen from the Miocene of eastern China." Grana 47 (4): 262-271

LOPPI, S., A. BOSCAGLI and V. DE DOMINICIS (2004). "Ecology of soil lichens from Pliocene clay badlands of central Italy in relation to geomorphology and vascular vegetation." Catena 55 (1): 1-15

LOUWYE, S., M. J. HEAD and S. DE SCHEPPER (2004). "Dinoflagellate cyst stratigraphy and palaeoecology of the Pliocene in northern Belgium southern North Sea Basin." Geological Magazine 141 (3): 353-378

MA, Y. Z., F. L. WU, X. M. FANG, J. J. LI, Z. S. AN and W. WANG (2005). "Pollen record from red clay sequence in the central Loess Plateau between 8.10 and 2.60 Ma." Chinese Science Bulletin 50 (19): 2234-2243

MAHESHWARI, H. K. (2009). "Naming angiosperm fossils from Miocene and younger rocks." Current Science 96 (7): 876-877

MARTÍN-CLOSAS, C., A. PERMANYER and M.-J. VILA (2005). "Palynofacies distribution in a lacustrine basin." Geobios 38 (2): 197-210

MARTIN-CLOSAS, C., J. J. WOJCICKI and L. FONOLLA (2006). "Fossil charophytes and hydrophytic angiosperms as indicators of lacustrine trophic change. A case study in the Miocene of Catalonia (Spain)." Cryptogamie Algologie 27 (4): 357-379

MARTINETTO, E., D. UHL and E. TARABARA (2007). "Leaf physiognomic indications for a moist warm-temperate climate in NW Italy during the Messinian (late Miocene)." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 253 (1-2): 41-55

MCKENZIE, R. J. and N. P. BARKER (2008). "Radiation of southern African daisies: Biogeographic inferences for subtribe Arctotidinae (Asteraceae, Arctotideae)." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (1): 1-16

MOLNAR, P. (2005). "Mio-Pliocene Growth of the Tibetan Plateau and Evolution of East Asian Climate." Palaeontologia Electronica 8 (1): 2A:23p

MUNK, W., R. L. BERNOR, E. P. J. HEIZMANN and H.-W. MITTMAN (2007). "Excavations at the late Miocene MN9 (10.3 Ma) locality of Howenegg (Hegau), southwest Germany, 2004-2006." Carolinea 65: 5-13

NEERAUDEAU, D. (2007). "Neogene bioaccumulations (algal limestones, 'faluns') from western Europe and their relationship with the Messinian crisis." Comptes Rendus Palevol 6 (1-2): 59-71

OGNJANOVA-RUMENOVA, N. (2005). "Upper Neogene siliceous microfossils from Pelagonia Basin (Balkan Peninsula)." Geologica Carpathica 56 (4): 347-358

ORTEGA-OLIVENCIA, A. and P. CATALAN (2009). "Systematics and evolutionary history of the circum-Mediterranean genus Anagyris L. (Fabaceae) based on morphological and molecular data." Taxon 58 (4): 1290-1306

OSBORNE, C. P. (2008). "Atmosphere, ecology and evolution: what drove the Miocene expansion of C4 grasslands?" Journal of Ecology 96 (1): 35-45

PALAMAREV, E. and V. BOZUKOV (2004). "The macroflora of Neogene sediments in the Elhovo Formation (Southeast Bulgaria)." Phytologia Balcanica 10 (2-3): 131-146

PALAMAREV, E., V. BOZUKOV, K. UZUNOVA, A. PETVOKA and G. KITANOV (2005). "Catalogue of the Cenozoic plants of Bulgaria (Eocene to Pliocene)." Phytologia Balcanica 11 (3): 215-364

PALAMAREV, E. and B. TSENOV (2004). "Genus Quercus in the Late Miocene flora of Baldevo Formation (Southwest Bulgaria): taxonomical composition and palaeoecology." Phytologia Balcanica 10 (2-3): 147-156

PARTY, I. E. S., S. LOUWYE, A. FOUBERT, K. MERTENS and D. VAN ROOIJ (2008). "Integrated stratigraphy and palaeoecology of the Lower and Middle Miocene of the Porcupine Basin." Geological Magazine 145 (3): 321-344

PEKAR, S. F. and N. CHRISTIE-BLICK (2008). "Resolving apparent conflicts between oceanographic and Antarctic climate records and evidence for a decrease in pCO(2) during the Oligocene through early Miocene (34-16 Ma)." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 260 (1-2): 41-49

PEREZ-COLLAZOS, E., P. SANCHEZ-GOMEZ, J. F. JIMENEZ and P. CATALAN (2009). "The phylogeographical history of the Iberian steppe plant Ferula loscosii (Apiaceae): a test of the abundant-centre hypothesis." Molecular Ecology 18 (5): 848-861

PHILIPPE, M. and M. K. BAMFORD (2009). "Houlbert's types for fossil wood: lectotypification and taxonomic reappraisal of Abietoxylon, Ambaroxylon and Taxoxylon." Taxon 58 (4): 1349-1356

POPESCU, S.-M. (2006). "Late Miocene and early Pliocene environments in the southwestern Black Sea region from high-resolution palynology of DSDP Site 380A (Leg 42B)." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 238 (1-4): 64-77

POPESCU, S.-M., W. KRIJGSMAN, J.-P. SUC, G. CLAUZON, M. MARUNTEANU and T. NICA (2006). "Pollen record and integrated high-resolution chronology of the early Pliocene Dacic Basin (southwestern Romania)." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 238 (1-4): 78-90

POPESCU, S.-M., M.-C. MELINTE, J.-P. SUC, G. CLAUZON, F. QUILLEVERE and M. SUTO-SZENTAI (2007). "Earliest Zanclean age for the Colombacci and uppermost Di Tetto formations of the “latest Messinian” northern Apennines: New palaeoenvironmental data from the Maccarone section (Marche Province, Italy)." Geobios 40 (3): 359-373

POSTIGO MIJARRA, J. M., E. BARRON, F. GOMEZ MANZANEQUE and C. MORLA (2009). "Floristic changes in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands (south-west Europe) during the Cenozoic." Journal of Biogeography 36 (11): 2025-2043

PRASAD, M. and S. M. PANDEY (2008). "Plant diversity and climate during Siwalik (Miocene-Pliocene) in the Himalayan foot hills of western Nepal." Palaeontographica Abteilung B Palaeophytologie 278 (1-3): 13

RENNER, S. S., G. W. GRIMM, G. M. SCHNEEWEISS, T. F. STUESSY and R. E. RICKLEFS (2008). "Rooting and Dating Maples (Acer) with an Uncorrelated-Rates Molecular Clock: Implications for North American/Asian Disjunctions." Systematic Biology 57 (5): 795-808

ROGERS, J. (2006). "Sedimentology of the Late Cenozoic sediments of the Varswater Formation in the Varswater quarry at Langebaanweg, Western Cape Province, South Africa." African Natural History 2 (November): 192-193

ROSSOUW, L., D. D. STYNDER and P. HAARHOF (2009). "Evidence for opal phytolith preservation in the Langebaanweg 'E' Quarry Varswater Formation and its potential for palaeohabitat reconstruction." South African Journal of Science 105 (5-6): 223-227

RUCKERT-ULKUMEN, N. and E. YIGITBAS (2007). "Pharyngeal teeth, lateral ethmoids, and jaw teeth of fishes and additional fossils from the late Miocene (late Khersonian/early Maeotian) of eastern paratethys (Yalova, near Istanbul, Turkey)." Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 16 (2): 211-224

SAINT MARTIN, S., J. P. SAINT MARTIN, J. FERRANDINI and M. FERRANDINI (2007). "Diatom microflora from Mio-Pliocene sediments of Corsica." Geobios 40 (3): 375-390

SANYAL, P., S. K. BHATTACHARYA, R. KUMAR, S. K. GHOSH and S. J. SANGODE (2004). "Mio-Pliocene monsoonal record from Himalayan foreland basin (Indian Siwalik) and its relation to vegetational change." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 205 (1-2): 23-41

SANYAL, P., S. K. BHATTACHARYA, R. KUMAR, S. K. GHOSH and S. J. SANGODE (2005). "Palaeovegetational reconstruction in Late Miocene: A case study based on early diagenetic carbonate cement from the Indian Siwalik." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 228 (3-4): 245-259

SCHAFER, A., T. UTESCHER and T. MORS (2004). "Stratigraphy of the Cenozoic Lower Rhine Basin, northwestern Germany." Newsletters on Stratigraphy 40 (1-2): 73-110

SHAW, A. J., N. DEVOS, C. J. COX, S. B. BOLES, B. SHAW, A. M. BUCHANAN, L. CAVE and R. SEPPELT (2010). "Peatmoss (Sphagnum) diversification associated with Miocene Northern Hemisphere climatic cooling?" Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55 (3): 1139-1145

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