Giraffes & Camels


SOLOUNIAS, N., F. RIVALS and G. M. SEMPREBON (2010). "Dietary interpretation and paleoecology of herbivores from Pikermi and Samos (late Miocene of Greece)." Paleobiology 36 (1): 113-136

BADLANGANA, N. L., J. W. ADAMS and P. R. MANGER (2009). "The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) cervical vertebral column: a heuristic example in understanding evolutionary processes?" Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155 (3): 736-757

GERAADS, D. (2009). "Giraffidae (Mammalia) de la fin du Néogène de la République de Macédoine (ARYM)." Geodiversitas 31 (4): 893-908

HAILE-SELASSIE, Y. (2009). "Chapter 12, Giraffidae." Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia, University of California Press: 389-395

KOUFOS, G. D. (2009). "The Late Miocene Mammal Faunas of the Mytilinii Basin, Samos Island, Greece: New Collection. 13. Giraffidae." Beiträge zur Paläontologie 31: 299-343

MARRA, A. C. and L. ROOK (2009). Taxonomic assessment and palaeogeographic significance of the giraffid remains from Cessaniti (Late Miocene, Southern Italy). RCMNS, Napoli

PEREZ-LORENTE, F., C. HERRERO, E. HERRERO and P. MONTOYA (2009). "Paracamelichnum jumillensis n.ichnogen. n.ichnosp., Upper Miocene Camelidae Ichnites from the Hoya de la Sima site (Murcia, Spain)." Ichnos-an International Journal for Plant and Animal Traces 16 (3): 208-219

WHITE, T. D., S. H. AMBROSE, G. SUWA, D. F. SU, D. DEGUSTA, R. L. BERNOR, J.-R. BOISSERIE, M. BRUNET, E. DELSON, S. FROST, N. GARCIA, I. X. GIAOURTSAKIS, Y. HAILE-SELASSIE, F. C. HOWELL, T. LEHMANN, A. LIKIUS, C. PEHLEVAN, H. SAEGUSA, G. SEMPREBON, M. TEAFORD and E. VRBA (2009). "Macrovertebrate Paleontology and the Pliocene Habitat of Ardipithecus ramidus." Science 326 (5949): 67-93

ABBAZZI, L., M. DELFINO, G. GALLAI, L. TREBINI and L. ROOK (2008). "New data on the vertebrate assemblage of Fiume Santo (North-western Sardinia, Italy), and overview on the late Miocene Tusco-Sardinian paleobioprovince." Palaeontology 51 (2): 425-451

COSTEUR, L. and S. LEGENDRE (2008). "Spatial and temporal variation in European Neogene large mammals diversity." Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 261 (1-2): 127-144

KULLMER, O., O. SANDROCK, T. B. VIOLA, W. HUJER, H. SAID and H. SEIDLER (2008). "Suids, elephantoids, paleochronology, and paleoecology of the Pliocene hominid site Galili, Somali Region, Ethiopia." Palaios 23 (7): 452-464

LEVIN, N. E., S. W. SIMPSON, J. QUADE, T. E. CERLING and S. R. FROST (2008). "Herbivore enamel carbon isotopic composition and the environmental context of Ardipithecus at Gona, Ethiopia." Geological Society of America Special Paper: The Geology of Early Humans in the Horn of Africa 446: 215-234

MASINI, F., D. PETRUSO, L. BONFIGLIO and G. MANGANO (2008). "Origination and extinction patterns of mammals in three central Western Mediterranean islands from the Late Miocene to Quaternary." Quaternary International 182: 63-79

PICKFORD, M. (2008). "Middle Miocene vertebrate fauna from Pemba Island, Tanzania." South African Journal of Science 104 (5-6): 231-237

TSOUKALA, E. and A. BARTSIOKAS (2008). "New Mesopithecus pentelicus specimens from Kryopigi, Macedonia, Greece." Journal of Human Evolution 54 (3): 448-451

GÜLEÇ, E., A. SEVIM, C. PEHLEVAN and F. KAYA (2007). "A new great ape from the late Miocene of Turkey." Anthropological Science 115 (2): 153-158

HAILE-SELASSIE, Y., A. DEINO, B. SAYLOR, M. UMER and B. LATIMER (2007). "Preliminary geology and paleontology of new hominid-bearing Pliocene localities in the central Afar region of Ethiopia." Anthropological Science 115 (3): 215-222

KINGSTON, J. D. and T. HARRISON (2007). "Isotopic dietary reconstructions of Pliocene herbivores at Laetoli: implications for early hominin paleoecology." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 243 (3-4): 272-306

LIKIUS, A., P. VIGNAUD and M. BRUNET (2007). "A new species of Bohlinia (Mammalia, Giraffidae) from the Late Miocene of Toros-Menalla, Chad." Comptes Rendus Palevol 6 (3): 211-220

WANG, X., Z. QIU, Q. LI, B. WANG, Z. QIU, W. R. DOWNS, G. XIE, J. XIE, T. DENG, G. T. TAKEUCHI, Z. J. TSENG, M. CHANG, J. LIU, Y. WANG, D. BIASATTI, Z. SUN, X. FANG and Q. MENG (2007). "Vertebrate paleontology, biostratigraphy, geochronology, and paleoenvironment of Qaidam Basin in northern Tibetan Plateau." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 254 (3-4): 363-385

KOSTOPOULOS, D. S. and G. D. KOUFOS (2006). "The late Miocene vertebrate locality of Perivolaki, Thessaly, Greece. 8. Giraffidae." Palaeontographica Abteilung A. 276 (1-6): 135-149

KOUFOS, G. D. (2006). "The large mammals from the Miocene/Pliocene locality of Silata, Macedonia, Greece with implications about the latest Miocene palaeoecology." Beiträge zur Paläontologie 30: 293-313

MONTOYA, P., J. MORALES, F. ROBLES, J. ABELLA, J. V. BENAVENT, M. A. D. MARIN and F. J. RUIZ SANCHEZ (2006). "[The new excavations (1995-2006) of the Late Miocene of Venta del Moro, Valencia.]." Estudios Geologicos 62 (1): 313-325

ROOK, L., G. GALLAI and D. TORRE (2006). "Lands and endemic mammals in the late Miocene of Italy: constrains for paleogeographic outlines of Tyrrhenian area." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 238 (1-4): 263-269

SMITH, R. M. H. and P. HAARHOFF (2006). "Sedimentology and taphonomy of an Early Pliocene sivather bonebed at Langebaanweg, Western Cape Province, South Africa." African Natural History 2 (November): 197-198

COSTEUR, L. (2005). "Cenogram analysis of the Rudabanya mammalian community: palaeoenvironmental interpretations." Palaeontographia Italica 90: 303-308

HERNANDEZ FERNANDEZ, M. and E. S. VRBA (2005). "A complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships in Ruminantia: a dated species-level supertree of the extant ruminants." Biological Reviews (Cambridge) 80 (2): 269-302

KOSTOPOULOS, D. K. and G. SARAC (2005). "Giraffidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the late Miocene of Akkasdagi, Turkey." Geology, mammals and environments at Akkasdagi, late Miocene of Central Anatolia, Geodiversitas. 27(4): 735-745

ROOK, L., R. L. BERNOR and L. KORDOS (2005). "Rudabanya: a reference late Miocene (Vallesian, MN 9) vertebrate fauna from middle Europe." Palaeontographia Italica 90: 309-313

FRANZ-ODENDAAL, T. (2004). "High prevalence of enamel hypoplasia in an early pliocene giraffid (Sivatherium hendeyi) from South Africa." Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24 (1): 235-244

FRANZ-ODENDAAL, T. A. and N. SOLOUNIAS (2004). "Comparative dietary evaluations of an extinct giraffid (Sivatherium hendeyi) (Mammalia, Giraffidae, Sivatheriinae) from Langebaanweg, South Africa (early Pliocene)." Geodiversitas 26 (4): 675-685

MERCERON, G., C. BLONDEL, M. BRUNET, S. SEN, N. SOLOUNIAS, L. VIRIOT and E. HEINTZ (2004). "The Late Miocene paleoenvironment of Afghanistan as inferred from dental microwear in artiodactyls." Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 207 (1-2): 143-163

SMITH, R. and P. HAARHOFF (2004). Taphonomy of an early Pliocene Sivathere bonebed at Langebaanweg, Cape Province, South Africa. 64th Annual Meeting-Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Denver, CO, USA